Travertine is one of the sedimentary rocks formed from the deposits of hot springs. This stone has a very beautiful appearance and it is used as a building material (facade - wall - floor) as well as making some stone artifacts (statues - facade tools - fountains - srahi, etc.).
Its other name is Lapis Tiburtinus, and its name is derived from the ancient city of Tibur, now known as Tiuli, and its origins date back to before the time of the Roman Empire.
Texture and structure
Travertine is a semi-crystalline and hard stone that has a porous and sedimentary texture and is mostly found in the depths of hot springs.
This stone with high density is used as a stone for the exterior of buildings, ornamental stone and strengthening of agricultural soils due to its crystalline form.
The most variety of this stone is semi-transparent and its transparent and shiny types are very rare. The stone powder obtained from this stone is white in color and will ignite at a temperature of 31 degrees Celsius.
This stone is completely soluble in organic and industrial solvents such as hydrocarbons, stane, phthalates, ethanol and methanol and dissolves in dilute hydrochloric acid.
Advantages of using travertine stone
Today, there are travertine stones with a more reasonable price in the market, which has caused them to be used more in construction materials.
- Travertine stones are more resistant to sun damage.
- They do not absorb a lot of heat and often their surface has a low temperature, which is suitable for use in areas where this property is needed.
- They are not slippery; Their porous texture prevents sliding For this reason, they are suitable options for around the pool.
- They are good insulation for heat and sound.
- Different cuts can be made for their surface.
- Due to having holes in its texture, it is resistant to contraction and expansion caused by temperature changes and does not crack.
- They do not change color over time.
- They have a beautiful and unique texture.
- They are durable and have a very long life.
What are the disadvantages of travertine stone?
- Travertine stones can be used for all buildings in different weather conditions.
- But paying attention to their shortcomings and disadvantages can be the final determinant of its use.
- Due to its texture, it absorbs water quickly.
- According to the different textures that are available in nature and in the market, their prices may be different.
- Travertine stones are more likely to crumble when the air temperature reaches the freezing point.
- They have very low resistance against acid rain.
- Most designs are not uniform and include a range of some colors.
Types of travertine stones
In Iran, the process of producing this stone is several years old. But due to the presence of holes in it, it was less used. Nowadays, with the use of resin, travertine stone has become one of the doors of the construction industry.
Travertine mines in Iran are located in areas such as Abbas Abad, Azar Shahr, Abyaneh, Silver Kashan, Bukhari Valley, Takab, Ab Garm Mahallat, Atash Kouh and Haji Abad. Each of the regions of the stones they produce have their own special conditions such as different color and texture. But the methods used for their processing include the following:
Brush: Using special brushes to create a different texture on the surface of the stone
Polished: to make the facade stylish and luxurious, they use this type of polished stones, which also reflect light.
Hond: They have a completely smooth and uniform appearance that is matte
Tumble: They have a more natural look and are made with a polished layer of plastic on them
Application of travertine stone
One of the most suitable options for external decoration and external beauty are facades.
Of course, it should be kept in mind that due to their construction form, mortar sticks to them in the best way and they are installed in the desired place. The following options are considered to be used for this type of stone:
- Construction of bathrooms and toilets
- Exterior and interior of buildings
- A very suitable option for stairs
- Using travertine stone for the facade of the yard and buildings
- Making a stone fireplace
- Suitable for interior floors and walls
Symbolic stone sculptures